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Dow Jones Extends Winning Streak Amid Earnings Reports and Fed Speculations

July 26, 2023

The Dow Jones Industrial Average achieved its longest winning streak in over six years as it closed higher on Tuesday. The index rose by 0.08%, or 26.83 points, reaching 35,438.07. This marked the 12th consecutive positive session for the 30-stock index, the longest rally since February 2017. Meanwhile, the S&P 500 climbed 0.28%, and the Nasdaq Composite advanced 0.61%. Traders closely examined the latest earnings reports, with General Motors seeing a 3.5% decline despite raising its full-year earnings guidance, while General Electric surged nearly 6.3% due to stronger-than-expected second-quarter revenue.

Investors eagerly awaited the Federal Reserve’s policy decision, expecting a quarter percentage point rate increase. However, uncertainties lingered about future actions as the market sought clarity on the Fed’s stance towards inflation and its economic outlook. Amidst this backdrop, Wall Street analyzed results from major tech companies, including Alphabet and Microsoft, which were set to report after the market’s close. As earnings season progressed, around 79% of S&P 500 companies surpassed analyst expectations for the second quarter, offering optimism for the overall market performance.

Data by Bloomberg

On Tuesday, most sectors experienced modest gains, with all sectors combined showing a positive change of +0.28%. The Materials sector had the highest increase at +1.76%, followed by Information Technology at +1.19%, and Energy at +0.57%. Communication Services also saw a slight uptick of +0.42%, while Utilities and Commercial & Professional Services had more marginal gains of +0.22% and +0.42% respectively.

On the other hand, several sectors faced declines. Financials had the most significant drop, with a decrease of -0.73%, closely followed by Real Estate at -0.74%. Transportation experienced a notable decline of -0.63%, while Consumer Discretionary and Industrials both saw moderate decreases of -0.23% and -0.13% respectively. Health Care and Consumer Staples also ended the day in the red, but with marginal changes of -0.06% and -0.05% respectively.

Major Pair Movement

The dollar index slipped 0.07% as risk-on sentiment increased, reducing demand for the U.S. currency. Weak economic data weighed on the euro ahead of the Federal Reserve and European Central Bank (ECB) meetings. Sterling rose 0.4% with important supports preventing further decline. The prospect of ECB rate hikes diminished due to lackluster euro zone data in July, leading to a slide in EUR/USD.

EUR/USD fell 0.24%, marking its fifth consecutive daily loss to its lowest level since July 12, triggered by below-forecast U.S. CPI data. Dovish comments from ECB officials added to concerns about a potential rate hike beyond the expected 25bp increase this week. USD/JPY also declined 0.2% amid a broader risk-on sentiment and ahead of the Fed meeting. However, strong services data and rising Treasury yields provided some support.

Market expectations for a 25bp Fed rate hike were steady, but there were doubts about additional rate increases in the future. Speculation about increasing the pace of quantitative tightening instead of raising rates multiple times emerged. The BoJ meeting was anticipated to maintain unchanged policies, but some trimming of yen shorts was possible if there were any surprises.

Traders remained cautious due to significant upcoming U.S. data releases, including GDP, jobless claims, personal income, spending, core PCE, employment costs, and Michigan sentiment. Additionally, market participants kept an eye on earnings reports from major U.S. tech companies and beyond.

Picks of the Day Analysis

EUR/USD (4 Hours)

EUR/USD Continues Decline Amid Weaker Euro and Central Bank Decisions

The EUR/USD pair experienced its fifth consecutive day of losses as the Euro weakened ahead of central bank decisions. The European Central Bank (ECB) survey revealed a significant drop in loan demand from companies, indicating a deteriorating economic outlook. The German July IFO survey also disappointed expectations. While a 25-basis point rate hike from the ECB is anticipated, the future interest rate trajectory remains uncertain. The focus now shifts to the upcoming FOMC meeting, where the Federal Reserve’s rate decision and messaging will be critical for the EUR/USD direction, with potential for increased volatility in the market.

Chart EURUSD by TradingView

According to technical analysis, the EUR/USD pair is experiencing a downward movement on Tuesday, leading to a push towards the lower band of the Bollinger Bands. This movement has also resulted in a wider gap between the bands. The Relative Strength Index (RSI) currently stands at 29, indicating that there is potential for further downward movement in the EUR/USD pair.

Resistance: 1.1121, 1.1208

Support: 1.1022, 1.0950

XAU/USD (4 Hours)

XAU/USD Prices Up as US Dollar Surges Amidst Fragile Economic Balance

Gold prices have risen despite XAU/USD reaching a one-week low, as the US Dollar strengthened due to a bleak economic outlook. The upcoming monetary policy announcements by the US Federal Reserve and the European Central Bank are awaited with caution, with expectations of a rate hike. Traders are also keeping an eye on macroeconomic figures, including Q2 Gross Domestic Product and inflation updates for the US and Germany, to determine the direction of the FX board in the coming weeks.

Chart XAUUSD by TradingView

According to technical analysis, the XAU/USD pair initially experienced a slight decline on Monday. However, it subsequently rebounded and reached the middle band of the Bollinger Bands. At present, the price is slightly above the middle band. Furthermore, the Relative Strength Index (RSI) currently stands at 51, indicating that the XAU/USD pair is still in a neutral position.

Resistance: $1,971, $1,992

Support: $1,954, $1,941

Economic Data

CurrencyDataTime (GMT + 8)Forecast
AUDConsumer Price Index q/q09:301.0%
AUDConsumer Price Index y/y09:305.4%
USDFOMC Statement02:00 (27th) 
USDFederal Funds Rate02:00 (27th)5.50%
USDFOMC Press Conference02:30 (27th)